Incentives may nudge individuals to behave differently or make different choices in health, education, and other spheres of life. Our research in this area has included evaluating how incentives influence teacher performance, the recruitment of health workers, demand for learning one’s HIV status, and the distribution of contraception.


Youth unemployment—an acute problem in Sub-Saharan Africa—is an important policy concern.


Does linking teachers' pay to students' test performance improve educational outcomes, or just increase “teaching to the test”? This study examines the effects of a teacher incentives program on...


Small incentives for parents, coupled with reliable services at convenient mobile clinics, increased full immunization rates sixfold. This approach was twice as cost-effective as improving service...