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This report covers some highlights of IPA’s 2018-2019 accomplishments, which were made possible by the world-class researchers, organizations, and funders we are proud to call our partners.
Type:
Annual Report
Date:
October 25, 2019
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Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) invita a organizaciones y asociaciones civiles que trabajen con individuos en situación de riesgo expuestos a la violencia a participar en la convocatoria para participar en el proyecto “Construyendo Policías Eficaces, Resilientes y Confiables en México”. El proyecto “Construyendo Policías Eficaces, Resilientes y Confiables en México” de la Universidad de Yale liderado por el Dr. Rodrigo Canales, tiene por objetivo diseñar y evaluar cómo las fuerzas policiales pueden enfrentar el reto de reducir la violencia, aumentar la legitimidad institucional y confianza en las instituciones, y fortalecer el estado de derecho. En el marco del proyecto, se realizará una intervención comunitaria en conjunto con la Secretaría de Seguridad Ciudadana de la Ciudad de México. Esta intervención busca atender dinámicas de violencia grupal en territorios específicos para cambiar el comportamiento de individuos en situación de riesgo de ejercer violencia o ser víctima. Una...
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Research Resource
Date:
October 24, 2019
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Globally, violence against women is a leading cause of premature death and morbidity for women and almost one-third of women report experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) or sexual violence by a non-partner at some point in their life. Yet rigorous evidence on scalable and effective ways to reduce IPV is limited, in part because measuring IPV is challenging. Current standards of practice for reducing gender-based violence are also relatively limited in scope, focusing mainly on changing gender norms. Designing and testing new approaches has the potential to yield more effective solutions. IPA’s Intimate Partner Violence Initiative, a partnership with the International Rescue Committee, exists to address these challenges. The initiative designs and tests innovative solutions to IPV, leverages existing research to identify factors that contribute to IPV and works to address methodological and measurement challenges in violence research and related fields. With our academic and impl...
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Brief
Date:
October 22, 2019
French
Améliorer les opportunités d’emploi productif et inclusif est un enjeu essentiel pour une croissance durable et pour une réduction de la pauvreté en Côte d’Ivoire. La Côte d’Ivoire fait face à un défi majeur de qualité de l’emploi. L’emploi est fortement concentré dans des activités indépendantes agricoles et non-agricoles. En moyenne, l’emploi indépendant a une productivité et des revenus relativement faibles, ce qui mène à un sous-emploi important en fonction des revenus. Dans ce contexte, une stratégie productive et inclusive de promotion de l’emploi devrait à la fois se concentrer sur la création de nouveaux emplois, considérer l’amélioration de la qualité des emplois existants et l’inclusion des pauvres, des femmes et des population rurales dans des emplois productifs. Améliorer les opportunités d’emploi productif pour les groupes de population vulnérables est un enjeu essentiel pour une croissance durable et pour une réduction de la pauvreté en Côte d’Ivoire.La disponibilité de n...
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Type:
Report
Date:
October 04, 2019
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Lás microempresas, así como los proveedores de productos, enfrentan desventajas en comparación con las empresas más grandes respecto al abastecimiento de inventario porque, para reabastecerse, deben viajar con frecuencia y pagar costos más altos. Los investigadores evaluaron Agruppa, un servicio de tecnología que usa teléfonos móviles, el cual crea grupos virtuales de compradores para comprar a granel de forma más económica. La evaluación descubrió que la demanda inicial del servicio era alta, lo que ahorraba tiempo y gastos a los dueños de negocios, y aumentaba las ganancias de ciertos productos básicos. Sin embargo, dado que los dueños de negocios redujeron las ventas de otros productos, los ingresos y las ganancias cayeron en promedio y la demanda del servicio disminuyó con el tiempo. Agruppa finalmente cerró, lo que evidencia los desafíos de competir contra mercados centralizados.
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Brief
Date:
September 26, 2019
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Sending SMS messages with agricultural advice to smallholder farmers increased yields by 11.5% relative to a control group with no messages. These effects are concentrated among farmers who had no agronomy training and had little interaction with sugar cane company staff at baseline. A follow-up trial of the same intervention has, however, no significant impact on yields.
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Type:
Working Paper
Date:
September 23, 2019
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Numerosos gobiernos en países de ingresos medios y bajos, como Brasil y México, han adoptado programas de transferencias monetarias condicionadas (TMC) como una red de protección social, pero la mayoría de los beneficiarios de estas transferencias tienen poca o nula experiencia en el manejo de productos financieros formales. Para contribuir a cerrar la brecha respecto a la capacidad financiera de los beneficiarios del programa de transferencias condicionadas del Gobierno de Colombia, Fundación Capital diseñó LISTA, un programa basado en la noción de "liberar la educación financiera" del aula mediante el uso de aplicaciones diseñadas para usarse en tabletas. Los investigadores colaboraron con la Fundación Capital y el Gobierno de Colombia para realizar una evaluación aleatoria (RCT por sus siglas en inglés) de LISTA para estudiar su impacto sobre el conocimiento y el comportamiento financiero. LISTA tuvo impactos positivos significativos en el conocimiento financiero, las actitudes, las...
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Brief
Date:
September 22, 2019
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Objective: Despite the recognized importance of person-centered care, very little information exists on how person-centered maternity care (PCMC) impacts newborn health. Methods: Baseline and follow-up data were collected from women who delivered in government health facilities in Nairobi and Kiambu counties in Kenya between August 2016 and February 2017. The final analytic sample included 413 respondents who completed the baseline survey and at least one follow-up survey at 2, 6, 8, and/or 10 weeks. Data were analyzed using descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate statistics. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between PCMC scores and outcomes of interest. Results: In multivariate analyses, women with high PCMC scores were significantly less likely to report newborn complications than women with low PCMC scores (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.16–0.98). Women reporting high PCMC scores also had significantly higher odds of reporting a...
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Published Paper
Date:
September 20, 2019
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Recent research suggests giving cash directly to the poor can have a range of benefits for recipients in the first few years, including increased consumption, assets, and food security, but little evidence exists on the long-term effects of cash transfers, particularly as a way to spur entrepreneurship and increase earnings. To shed light on this question, researchers conducted a randomized evaluation in Uganda of a government self-employment program that provided cash grants of about $400 per person to groups of young adults to start a skilled trade. An IPA research team followed up after two, four, and nine years—providing some of the longest-term rigorous evidence on how start-up cash grants impact measures of poverty. Key Findings: »  Four years after grants were distributed, recipients were more likely to be practicing a skilled trade and earning 38 percent more than their peers who hadn’t received grants. The boost in earnings seemed to be driven by recipients’ work in skilled tr...
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Brief
Date:
September 17, 2019
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We estimate the effects of one of the largest anti-vote-buying campaigns ever studied — with half a million voters exposed across 1427 villages—in Uganda’s 2016 elections. Working with civil society organizations, we designed the study to estimate how voters and candidates responded to their campaign in treatment and spillover villages, and how impacts varied with campaign intensity. Despite its heavy footprint, the campaign did not reduce politician offers of gifts in exchange for votes. However, it had sizable effects on people’s votes. Votes swung from wellfunded incumbents (who buy most votes) towards their poorly-financed challengers. We argue the swing arose from changes in village social norms plus the tactical response of candidates. While the campaign struggled to instill norms of refusing gifts, it leveled the electoral playing field by convincing some voters to abandon norms of reciprocity—thus accepting gifts from politicians but voting for their preferred candidate.
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Published Paper
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September 16, 2019
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Enrollment in early childhood education has increased dramatically in Ghana, but the education sector now faces the challenge of ensuring young children learn and develop school readiness skills. This study evaluated the impacts of a scalable, in-service training and coaching program for kindergarten teachers, delivered with and without parental awareness meetings, on teaching practices and children’s learning and development. Key Findings: The in-service teacher training and coaching improved teachers’ use of the play-based kindergarten-specific pedagogy that is specified in Ghana’s national early childhood education curriculum. The program led to moderate impacts on teachers’ professional well-being, reducing teacher burnout for all teachers, and teacher turnover in the private sector. The teacher-training and coaching improved children’s school readiness, including their early literacy, early numeracy, and social-emotional skills in the first year. One year later, when children move...
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Brief
Date:
September 03, 2019
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Las fuerzas policiales urbanas tienden a enfocar sus esfuerzos en las áreas con tasas de crimen más altas. Sin embargo, incrementar la presencia estatal en los sitios más inseguros puede simplemente desplazar el crimen a otras áreas, dejando las tasas de crimen agregadas iguales a como estaban en un principio. En Bogotá, Colombia, un grupo de investigadores, en alianza con la Alcaldía de la ciudad, decidieron medir el impacto de tres estrategias sobre la reducción del crimen y su desplazamiento: focalizar la vigilancia policial, hacer mejoras al espacio público y una combinación de ambas estrategias. La evaluación encontró que estas estrategias reducen el crimen en las calles focalizadas en el estudio, pero solo cuando son implementadas al mismo tiempo. Mientras la mayoría de los crímenes, particularmente los delitos contra la propiedad parecen desplazarse a las calles aledañas. Hay evidencia que sugiere que los crímenes violentos, especialmente los homicidios y el abuso sexual, dismin...
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Type:
Brief
Date:
September 03, 2019
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Can greater control over earned income incentivize women to work and influence gender norms? In collaboration with Indian government partners, we provided rural women with individual bank accounts and randomly varied whether their wages from a public workfare program were directly deposited into these accounts or into the male household head’s account (the status quo). Women in a random subset of villages were also trained on account use. In the short run, relative to women just offered bank accounts, those who also received direct deposit and training increased their labor supply in the public and private sectors. In the long run, gender norms liberalized: women who received direct deposit and training became more accepting of female work, and their husbands perceived fewer social costs to having a wife who works. These effects were concentrated in households with otherwise lower levels of, and stronger norms against, female work. Women in these households also worked more in the long...
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Type:
Working Paper
Date:
September 01, 2019
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Objectives: This study aimed to assess the accuracy of pregnant women’s perceptions of maternity facility quality and the association between perception accuracy and the quality of facility chosen for delivery. Design: A cohort study. Setting: Nairobi, Kenya. Participants: 180 women, surveyed during pregnancy and 2 to 4 weeks after delivery. Primary outcome measures: Women were surveyed during pregnancy regarding their perceptions of the quality of all facilities they were considering during delivery and then, after delivery, about their ultimate facility choice. Perceptions of quality were based on perceived ability to handle emergencies and complications. Delivery facilities were assigned a quality index score based on a direct assessment of performance of emergency ‘signal functions’, skilled provider availability, medical equipment and drug stocks. ‘Accurate perceptions’ was a binary variable equal to one if a woman’s ranking of facilities based on her quality perception equalled t...
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Published Paper
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July 30, 2019
English
Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) is a research and policy non-profit that discovers and promotes effective solutions to global poverty problems. IPA brings together researchers and decision-makers to design, rigorously evaluate, and refine these solutions and their applications, ensuring that the evidence created is used to improve the lives of the world’s poor. Since our founding in 2002, IPA has worked with over 600 leading academics to conduct over 830 evaluations in 52 countries. Future growth will be concentrated in focus countries, such as Myanmar, where we have local and international staff, established relationships with government, NGOs, and the private sector, and deep knowledge of local issues.
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Brief
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July 08, 2019
Español
Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) es una organización internacional sin fines de lucro que descubre y promueve soluciones efectivas e innovadoras para las dificultades que enfrenta la población más vulnerable. En IPA evaluamos la efectividad de las intervenciones utilizando métodos rigurosos de evaluación de impacto. Desde la fundación de IPA en 2002, hemos trabajado con más de 600 académicos de las más prestigiosas instituciones, gestionando más de 830 evaluaciones en 51 países. En el futuro, nuestro crecimiento se concentrará en los países, como el Perú, en donde contamos con personal local e internacional, relaciones consolidadas con el gobierno, ONGs y el sector privado, así como un conocimiento profundo de la problemática local. En el Perú hemos realizado investigaciones rigurosas y aplicadas en áreas de interés nacional, mientras construimos capacidades para generar y utilizar evidencia. En esta reseña del program país, presentamos ejemplos de proyectos que ofrecen evidencia ú...
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Type:
Brief
Date:
July 01, 2019
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Over the past two decades, sports programs have proliferated as a mode of engaging youth in development projects. Thousands of organizations, millions of participants, and hundreds of millions of dollars are invested in sports-based development programs each year. The underlying belief that sports promote socioemotional skills, improve psychological well-being, and foster traits that boost labor force productivity has provided motivation to expand funding and offerings of sport for development (SFD) programs. We partnered with an international NGO to randomly assign 1200 young adults to a sports and life skills development program. While we do not see evidence of improved psychosocial outcomes or resilience, we do find evidence that the program caused a 0.12 standard deviation increase in labor force participation. Secondary analysis suggests that the effects are strongest among those likely to be most disadvantaged in the labor market.
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Working Paper
Date:
July 01, 2019
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There is little evidence on how the large market for credit score improvement products affects consumers or credit market efficiency. A randomized encouragement design on a standard credit builder loan (CBL) identifies null average effects on whether consumers have a credit score and the score itself, with important heterogeneity: those with loans outstanding at baseline fare worse, those without fare better. Selection, treatment effect, and prediction models indicate the CBL reveals valuable information to markets, inducing positive selection and making credit histories more precise, while keeping credit scores’ predictive power intact. With modest targeting changes, CBLs could work as intended.
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Working Paper
Date:
July 01, 2019

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