Project Description:
This project explores changes in childcare responsibilities as a possible channel through which the COVID-19 crisis has affected women’s labor. We use COVID-19 school closure policies in Kenya as an exogenous shock to estimate the impact of changes in household childcare needs on adults' labor, leveraging the partial school reopening of schools for students sitting national exams only for identification.Having a child eligible to return increases adults' labor supply, with gains concentrated in household agriculture hours. Impacts are not significantly different by sex of the adult: though women have greater responsibility for childcare in Kenya, men also contribute and both increased childcare hours during school closures. The impact of partial reopening on work hours corresponds to over 30% of the fall in average hours in the first few months of the pandemic. Large labor effects of a potentially expensive childcare availability shock suggest that policies making childcare more available and affordable could have positive impacts on adult labor supply in Kenya.This project is a part of the Women's Work, Entrepreneurship, and Skilling (WWES) Initiative.
Project Type:
Randomized Evaluation
Project Timeline:
March-October 2021
Data Collection Mode:
CATI (Computer-assisted telephone interviewing)
Implemented by IPA:
Implementing Organization:
University of California, Berkeley
Questionnaire File Type:
Reader-friendly survey instrument, Report with technical details, Coded form
Questionnaire Language:
Questionnaire File (View in Browser):
Last Updated On:
November 03, 2021