Transparent and accountable government institutions are more effective at delivering important social services such as education and healthcare. However, government accountability and transparency are relatively weak in many countries, leading to under-provision and low quality of services. IPA has a growing body of research in this area, with evaluations that have investigated ways to strengthen local political accountability in Uganda, recruit and motivate community health workers in Zambia, and combat corruption in community development in Indonesia, among others. 

Promotional political posters in the Philippines

Vote-buying and vote-selling obstruct the democratic process, yet they remain pervasive in many developing democracies.