As of 2013, 35 million people were living with HIV, of which 70 percent were living in Sub-Saharan Africa. IPA's research on this topic evaluates interventions that prevent HIV/AIDS transmission through social learning, providing sexual and reproductive health advice, and incentivizing HIV testing.

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In Sub-Saharan Africa, about 1.8 million people became infected with the HIV virus in 2011, with the majority of new cases attributed to unprotected sex.

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Research has shown that HIV/AIDS impacts not only the health of infected individuals, but also their financial security, and the financial security of their households, often aggravating existing...

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Rates of unwanted births and unmet demand for contraception remain high in many countries where men report larger ideal family sizes than their wives.