Access to markets can help businesses scale production and increase product quality. However, markets in developing countries are often fragmented, illiquid, and lack formal regulation. IPA has evaluated programs that aim to reduce these challenges. In particular, our Small and Medium Enterprise Program assesses the impact of programs and policies designed to expand market access for small and medium enterprises.

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are often important parts of developing country economies, but many programs designed to spur their growth have been unsuccessful.

Aflatoxin is a toxin produced by a fungus that grows on certain crops, such as maize and groundnuts.