Context of the Evaluation
Located in West Africa, Benin’s economy is based primarily on agriculture and regional trade. The rural population in Benin suffers from very poor health. Although WHO estimates suggest that 20% of children in Benin under the age of 5 sleep under insecticide treated bed nets – a proven defense against malaria contraction - 27% of deaths in children under 5 are nonetheless attributed to malaria. There are a number of MFIs in Benin, and PADME represents a significant share of the market, serving approximately 44,000 borrowers out of an estimated 140,000 in the entire country.
Details of the Intervention
In 2006, Freedom from Hunger launched the Microfinance and Health Protection (MAHP) initiative in rural Benin to help local MFI partners create and sustain key health services that complement their credit offering. This evaluation seeks to test the impact of providing credit with education on health and microfinance indicators, as well as the impact of combining education with the provision of health care products, and the specific aspects of the solidarity lending design.
In Benin, researchers will work with PADME to introduce the health education intervention to half of the villages they serve. PADME typically markets their services by reaching out both to community leaders and individuals who may be interested in taking out loans, which vary in size with an average amount of nearly $1000 US.
In the villages randomly assigned to receive the intervention, clients will be offered access to credit as well as health education. In the comparison villages, potential clients will only be offered access to credit. . The health education will consist of three modules: malaria education, integrated management of childhood diseases, and HIV/AIDS planning. An additional component of the study seeks to better understand the role of gender in microfinance. In addition to the random assignment of health education services, researchers will also designate villages according to the gender composition of new borrowing groups. In a random subset of villages, microfinance groups will be mixed-gender, while others will be female only.
Results and Policy Lessons