This study uses a cluster-level randomized controlled trial to evaluate the causal impact of the VEA program across 332 rural villages. VEA is a national community-led water, sanitation, and hygeine program in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Although VEA has been operational since 2008, the study focused on more recent activities; as the program was implemented in these villages in the later phase of the program (throughout 2019). It involves experimentally varying the provision of the VEA program to a set of villages to examine the causal impacts on Covid-19 knowledge, attitudes, and practices, water governance, water access, infrastructure development, availability of sanitation services, and health. We interviewed households in-person at 5 months post-intervention, and by phone at 12 months and 18 months. As of February 2021, the research team plans two more rounds of phone surveys and one more in-person interview.

Study Type:
Randomized Evaluation
June 2019- December 2021
Implemented by IPA:
Impact Goals:
Improve women’s health, safety, and economic empowerment; Keep children safe, healthy, and learning; Reduce COVID-19 transmission rates
Outcomes of Interest:
Covid 19 knowledge, attitudes, and practices; physical health; mental health; access to improved water; access to improved sanitation; water collection time; water collection quantity; water governance
Data Collection Mode:
CAPI (Computer-assisted personal interviewing); CATI (Computer-assisted telephone interviewing)
External Website:
Results Status:
No Results Yet