As coronavirus begins to spread in developing countries, an important question is whether poor households will adhere to social distancing given the likely inability to work remotely, and the subsequent large income losses. In such a context, mobile money transfers may not only help households maintain consumption levels, they may also complement social distancing policies - those that get the cash may work less, and stay at home more. We are launching a three-arm mobile money transfer study in Ghana to test this idea. Specifically, using a subset of relatively low-income households from the Ghana Panel Survey (a representative panel dataset collected over the last decade) we will randomly assign households to a treatment group that receives eight weekly transfers or a control group the receives only a single transfer. We will examine effects on a battery of economic and psychological measures of well-being as well as adherence with social distancing and self-isolation.

Funding for this project was provided by the UK Department for International Development, awarded through IPA's Peace & Recovery Program.

Study Type:
Randomized Evaluation
April- December 2020
Implemented by IPA:
Impact Goals:
Build resilience and protect the financial health of families and individuals; Improve social-safety net responses; Reduce COVID-19 transmission rates
Outcomes of Interest:
With bi-weekly follow-up phone surveys we will answer the following research questions: 1) Do regular [small/large] cash installments increase adherence with social distancing? 2)  How does the cash impact welfare (consumption, K6 depression scale, corona-related symptoms)? 3) Does the cash cause individuals to believe that the crisis is more serious, by reducing the tendency for "wishful thinking" (i.e.motivated beliefs)?
Data Collection Mode:
CATI (Computer-assisted telephone interviewing)
External Website:
Results Status:
No Results Yet