Since the COVID-19 outbreak, scholars and journalists have spread anecdotes of gangs and criminal organizations coming to the aid of citizens, governing in place of the state. Researchers studied if gangs respond to COVID-19 in Medellín. Despite the headlines, gang involvement in pandemic response is exceptional and mostly idiosyncratic. Surveying every low- and middle-income neighborhood in Medellin, they find that most of the support for civilians comes from state authorities and not from gangs
 

Christopher BlattmanGustavo DuncanBenjamin Lessing, Cristian David CereroSebastian HernandezJuan Felipe MartinezJuan Pablo MesaHelena Montoya CaleroSantiago Tobón
Publication type: 
Report
Developing Organization: 
IPA, UK Aid, EDI
Date: 
March 16, 2021
Country: