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A medida que los patrones de migración cambian, se necesitan más pruebas del impacto de los programas de regularización en los países en desarrollo. En Colombia, los investigadores evaluaron el impacto de un programa de permisos temporales de trabajo y residencia para los migrantes venezolanos. Los resultados muestran que el programa de permisos tuvo efectos positivos significativos en el empleo, el bienestar y la resiliencia de los migrantes.

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May 06, 2022
Spanish

Los migrantes desplazados que se establecen en países de acogida pueden encontrar numerosas barreras para acceder a programas que podrían proporcionarles un gran alivio y alojamiento. Estas barreras incluyen poco conocimiento acerca de los programas, desconfianza en el gobierno y cuellos de botella en el proceso de registro. En Colombia, los migrantes venezolanos enfrentan estas barreras al registrarse en un programa de regularización del estatus migratorio que les otorga acceso a los mercados laborales formales y servicios sociales. ¿El proporcionar información a los migrantes sobre los programas de protección social puede contribuir a superar las barreras al registro y aumentar las tasas de aceptación de estos programas?

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May 04, 2022
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This paper examines the effects of a government regularization program offered to half a million Venezuelan refugees in Colombia. For this purpose, 2,232 surveys of refugee families were collected and used to compare refugees who arrived in Colombia around a specified eligibility date in 2018. The analysis finds that program beneficiaries experienced improvements in consumption (60 percent), income (31 percent), physical and mental health (1.8 sd), registration rates in the system that assesses vulnerability and awards public transfers (40 pp), and financial services (64.3 pp), relative to other refugees. The program also induced a change in labor formalization of 10 pp.

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May 04, 2022
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Through our work with partners in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) and globally, IPA has succeeded in finding organizations with innovative solutions for reducing crime and violence, and working with them to refine, pilot, scale, and evaluate their programs. IPA has also worked with governments in the region to support, design, and test new strategies to address their security challenges. Our experience has led us to believe that tackling crime and violence in the region requires more than identifying programs to evaluate. Rather, we must develop long-term, iterative partnerships with local actors that identify the critical sources of insecurity, and design, pilot, evaluate, and scale effective solutions.


A través de nuestro trabajo con socios en América Latina y el Caribe y en el resto del mundo, IPA ha logrado encontrar organizaciones con soluciones innovadoras para reducir el crimen y la violencia, y trabajar con ellas para refinar, evaluar y expandir sus programas. Desde IPA, también hemos trabajado con los gobiernos de la región para apoyar, diseñar y evaluar nuevas estrategias para abordar sus desafíos de seguridad. Nuestra experiencia nos ha llevado a creer que para combatir el crimen y la violencia en la región se requiere más que evaluar intervenciones. Más bien, debemos desarrollar alianzas iterativas a largo plazo con actores locales que identifiquen las fuentes críticas de inseguridad y diseñen, pongan a prueba, evalúen y lleven a escala soluciones efectivas.

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May 04, 2022
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In the last decade, more than 6 million Venezuelans have left their country. Around 1.85 million are currently in Colombia (GIFMM, 2021). The challenges to socioeconomically integrating this population into the country are innumerable. On February 8, 2021, the Colombian government decided to regularize their immigration status in Colombia and characterize them through the Estatuto Temporal de Protección para Venezolanos (ETPV).

According to Migración Colombia data, in less than a year, more than 1.74 million Venezuelan migrants in Colombia completed the pre-registration process (RUMV) and more than one million completed the biometric registration, necessary steps for the regularization process. The scale and speed of this regularization process are unique in the world, particularly considering that certain social groups, such as irregular migrants, are difficult to reach and characterize. For example, a study conducted by researchers at Yale University found that the population of undocumented migrants living in the United States may be double what is estimated in the decade census (Fazel-Zarandi et al., 2018).

In Colombia, some of the main barriers to characterizing and regularizing the Venezuelan migrant population have been continuous geographic mobility, high levels of socioeconomic vulnerability, precarious access to the Internet and mobile devices, mistrust of the institutions in charge of the process of regularization, fear of arrest or deportation, among others. This policy note highlights the role of community leaders and the means they used in the regularization process.

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April 25, 2022
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En la última década, más de 6 millones de venezolanos han abandonado su país. Alrededor de 1.85 millones se encuentran actualmente en Colombia (GIFMM, 2021). Los desafíos para integrar socioeconómicamente a esta población en el país son innumerables. El 08 de febrero de 2021, el gobierno colombiano tomó la decisión de regularizar su estatus migratorio en Colombia y caracterizarlos a través del Estatuto Temporal de Protección para Venezolanos (ETPV). De acuerdo con datos de Migración Colombia, en menos de un año, más de 1.74 millones de migrantes venezolanos en Colombia finalizaron el proceso de pre-registro (RUMV) y más de un millón finalizaron el registro biométrico, pasos fundamentales para el proceso de regularización. La escala y velocidad de este proceso de regularización es única en el mundo, en particular considerando que ciertos grupos sociales, como los migrantes en condición irregular, son difíciles de encontrar y caracterizar. Por ejemplo, un estudio realizado por investigadores de la universidad de Yale encontró que la población de migrantes indocumentados viviendo en los Estados Unidos puede ser el doble de la que se ha estimado a través del censo por décadas (FazelZarandi et al., 2018).

En Colombia, algunas de las principales barreras para caracterizar y regularizar a la población migrante venezolana han sido la constante movilidad geográfica, altos niveles de vulnerabilidad socio-económica, precariedad en el acceso a internet y dispositivos móviles, desconfianza hacia las instituciones encargadas del proceso de regularización, miedo al arresto o a la deportación, entre otras. En esta nota de política pública se destaca el rol que los líderes y lideresas comunitarias y los medios de comunicación que estos utilizan han tenido en el proceso de regularización.

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April 07, 2022

Los barrios marginales y pobres de todo el mundo están ocupados por poderosos grupos criminales que cada vez reclutan más niños y adolescentes. ¿Qué factores llevan a las personas a unirse a estos grupos y cómo pueden los gobiernos evitar el reclutamiento? En Medellín, Colombia, una ciudad caracterizada por una alta presencia de grupos criminales denominados combos, unos investigadores están realizando un estudio para comprender el proceso de reclutamiento, identificar a los niños y los adolescentes en riesgo de ser reclutados y probar diferentes intervenciones para evitar el reclutamiento.

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March 29, 2022
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This document provides application instructions for the Peace & Recovery (P&R) Program’s call for proposals. Applicants are asked to use the following templates when submitting their applications:

For more information about the request for proposals and P&R Program, read the Guiding Principles and Funding Priorities, and visit the P&R Competitive Fund page.

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Report
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March 04, 2022
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IPA’s Peace & Recovery Program (P&R) supports field experiments and related research in several broad areas:

  • Reducing violence and promoting peace
  • Reducing “fragility” (i.e. fostering state capacity)
  • Preventing, coping with, and recovering from crises, focusing on conflict but including non-conflict humanitarian crises such as COVID-19

This document covers the aims, core themes, research questions, and focus countries for our competitive research fund, supported by the UK Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO), and the Open Society Foundations (OSF). Please send all inquiries to peace@poverty-action.org

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February 01, 2022
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Throughout the developing world, citizens distrust the police and hesitate to bring crimes to their attention—a suboptimal equilibrium that makes it difficult for the police to effectively combat crime and violence. Community policing has been touted as one solution to this problem, but evidence on its efficacy in developing country contexts is sparse. We present results from a large-scale field experiment that randomly assigned a home-grown community policing intervention to police stations throughout rural Uganda. Drawing on administrative crime data and close to 4,000 interviews with citizens, police officers, and local authorities, we show that community policing had limited effects on core outcomes such as crime, insecurity, and perceptions of the police. We attribute these findings to a combination of turnover, treatment non-compliance, and resource constraints. Our study draws attention to the limits of community policing’s potential to reduce crime and build trust in the developing world.

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February 01, 2022
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We implemented a randomised controlled trial study to measure the impact of one-on-one engagement with local religious leadership on the compliance of protocols at their mosque. Our messaging was a combination of religious appeal and public health guidelines that were interactive, involving frequent elicitation of the respondents’ reactions and agreement, as well as asking them to commit to action. Our study is different from previous strategies of COVID-19 containment as it does not rely on mass messaging but rather focuses on one-on-one engagement with focal community leaders. It aims to improve the implementation and communication of the 20-point plan that was agreed between the government and religious clergy to contain the spread of COVID-19. However, it is not novel in its approach as it is similar to previous interventions like the polio vaccination drive that disseminates knowledge and engages at the community level. Thus, the results from our study can provide valuable insights for strategies used by other public health campaigns to engage the public and build trust, such as polio vaccination and eventually the COVID-19 vaccination.

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January 01, 2022
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Governments across the developing world rely on their armed forces for domestic policing operations. Advocates of these “mano dura” (iron fist) policies view them as necessary to control violent crime, while detractors claim they undermine human rights. We experimentally evaluate a military policing intervention in Cali, Colombia, the country’s third largest city and among its most violent. The intervention involved recurring, intensive military patrols targeting crime hot spots, randomly assigned at the city block level. Using administrative crime and human rights data, surveys of more than 10,000 Cali residents, and detailed firsthand observations from civilian monitors, we find that military policing had weak (if any) effects on crime while the intervention was ongoing, and adverse effects after it was complete. We observe higher rates of crime, crime witnessing, and crime reporting in the weeks after the intervention, combined with higher rates of arrests. We also find some suggestive evidence of increased human rights abuses, though these appear to have been committed primarily by police officers rather than soldiers. Our results suggest that the benefits of military policing are small and not worth the costs, and that governments should seek other ways to control crime in the world’s most violent cities.

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January 01, 2022
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We examine how trust shapes compliance with public health restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic in Uganda. We use an endorsement experiment embedded in a mobile phone survey to show that messages from government officials generate more support for public health restrictions than messages from religious authorities, traditional leaders, or international NGOs. We further show that compliance with these restrictions is strongly positively correlated with trust in government, but only weakly correlated with trust in local authorities or other citizens. The relationship between trust and compliance is especially strong for the Ministry of Health and—more surprisingly—the police. We conclude that trust is crucial for encouraging compliance but note that it may be difficult to change, particularly in settings where governments and police forces have reputations for repression.

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January 01, 2022
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By the year 2030, roughly two thirds of the world’s population living in extreme poverty could be in fragile settings. Innovations for Poverty Action’s Peace & Recovery Program (P&R) aims to improve outcomes for conflict- and crisis-affected populations by building the evidence base on reducing violence and fragility, promoting peace, and preventing, managing, and recovering from crisis. The program prioritizes studies that develop, illustrate, or test fundamental theories of peace, violence, and recovery, especially those that are highly policy-relevant, challenge common beliefs, pioneer innovative interventions, and produce evidence where little currently exists.

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December 28, 2021
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Working in partnership with local police agencies, we conducted six coordinated field experiments in Brazil, Colombia, Liberia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Uganda. We collaborated with the police to implement locally appropriate increases in community policing practices. We planned for risks involved in partnering with the police by soliciting reports of police abuse and carefully selecting the areas we worked in and the police units we partnered with. We randomly assigned areas to either the community policing practices or a control group. Our interventions reached approximately 9 million people in 516 treated areas. At the end line, we surveyed 18,382 citizens and 874 police officers and obtained crime data from the police. We conducted experiments in multiple settings with common measures to strengthen the generalizability of our findings and preregistered a joint analysis of the six studies to reduce the risk of publication bias.

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November 26, 2021

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