Over 70 million people are forcibly displaced as a result of conflict, persecution, or violence, a number which is expected to only rise in the coming decades. This unprecedented displacement has tested both the institutional capacity of some host countries—most of which are low- and middle-income—and the international framework for managing forced displacement itself. Currently, there is little understanding of which policies and programs improve outcomes for forcibly displaced populations and host communities, or prevent and respond to harm in humanitarian contexts, and at what cost. Policymakers and practitioners, as a result, do not have complete and actionable information about how to invest limited aid resources to address humanitarian crises. 

IPA created the Humanitarian and Forced Displacement Initiative to respond to this challenge. The initiative aims to improve the lives of those who have been forcibly displaced and the communities that host them by developing evidence that equips policymakers and practitioners to implement better policies and programs. Through the initiative, IPA is implementing and funding some of the first rigorous evaluations and other research related to humanitarian crises and forced displacement. An overview of the studies funded through IPA’s Peace & Recovery Program can be found here.

Academic leadership for this initiative is provided by Dr. Jeannie Annan and Dr. Mushfiq Mobarak.

Cox's Bazar intervention

Despite the scale and persistence of forced displacement, little data and evidence exists to inform long-term policy responses.


Exposure to violence in childhood and adolescence is associated with adverse health and socio-economic outcomes.