IPA's Post-Conflict Recovery & Fragile States Initiative has projects in the following countries:
Reduction of Gender-Based Violence Against Women in Cote d’Ivoire
By adding a component of gender discussion to Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLAs) and including males in the proposed intervention, this study assesses the potential for improving the physical, social and economic outcomes for women in Côte d’Ivoire. Does including men in gender discussions in the context of financial decision-making help to reduce gender-based violence and increase economic outcomes for women?
RESEARCHERS: Jeannie Annan and Jhumka Gupta
Peace Education in Rural Liberia
How well do dialogue and education programs actually work in promoting non-violent conflict resolution in post-conflict areas? This project examines if such programs really have the intended effect in bringing about individual and institutional changes. What programs are most useful in helping post-conflict countries achieve lasting peace? RESULTS HERE.
Ex-Combatant Reintegration Program in Liberia
This project evaluates how well productive, intense agricultural-based training helps ex-combatants reintegrate into society. Will skill-based training programs help to alleviate the risk a highly unemployed population poses to a post-conflict country? RESULTS HERE.
Roots and Remedies: Persistent poverty and violence amongst urban street youth in Liberia
This pilot project is focused on helping street youth develop legitimate livelihoods and get off the streets. This project will address questions such as what are the returns to capital among street youth, and what time preferences explain economic behavior and violence?
RESEARCHERS: Chris Blattman, Julian Jamison, and Margaret Sheridan
Community Driven Development in Sierra Leone
What happens when decision-making power is brought to the village level? This evaluation looks at the effectiveness of CDD designed to promote transparent, inclusive decision making, in order to reflect the priorities of the entire community, including traditionally disadvantaged groups.
RESEARCHERS: Rachel Glennerster, Edward Miguel, and Katherine Casey
Reconciliation, Conflict and Development: A Field Experiment in Sierra Leone
This evaluation looks at the effectiveness of alternative peace and reconciliation efforts done at the community level. Can reconciliation promote economic development and reduce conflict in communities that have experienced civil war? What kinds reconciliation efforts work best in post-conflict communities?
RESEARCHERS: Oeindrila Dube, Bila Siddiqi
Improving Health Service Delivery Through Community Monitoring and Non-Financial Awards
While existing healthcare infrastructure in developing countries is often inadequate to deliver necessary services, a lack of incentives for public providers to deliver quality services and the resulting low clinic utilization rates also contribute to poor health outcomes. Do bottom-up interventions such as community monitoring or top-down interventions such as performance based finance result in higher quality service provision and improved health outcomes?
RESEARCHERS: Oeindrila Dube, Bila Siddiqi Johannes Haushofer
Promoting Adoption of New Rice Varieties: Addressing the Costs of Early Adoption in Sierra Leone
Researchers investigate whether initial price and training subsidies effectively promote experimentation and adoption of new rice varieties among farmers in Sierra Leone. Do improved seed varieties benefit poor farmers in Sierra Leone? Can price subsidies and agricultural extension training lessen the costs of early adoption?
RESEARCHERS: Jeannie Annan, Rachel Glennerster, Tavneet Suri, Francis Kimmins, and Charles Dixon
Child Protection Knowledge and Information Network
Children in post-conflict environments are a population of particular concern, exposed to violence, displacement, death of family members, and greater risk of child labor. Mobile phones and SMS messaging provide one potential avenue for bridging the communication and support gap around such issues. Can increased communication and dialogue via mobile phones and SMS messaging improve community leaders’ abilities to assist local children?
RESEARCHERS: Ryan Sheely
Impact of Voter Knowledge Initiatives in Sierra Leone
The transparency and accountability of governance institutions are critical determinants of public sector performance. While many interventions have tested the efficacy of efforts to increase voter knowledge and access to candidates, very little work has been done to assess the application of such methods to post-conflict settings, where democratic institutions are nascent. Can innovative information dissemination campaigns affect voter behavior in the 2012 elections in Sierra Leone?
RESEARCHERS: Rachel Glennerster, Katherine Casey, Kelly Bidwell
Providing Collateral and Improving Product Market Access for Smallholder Farmers
Inter-seasonal fluctuation of agricultural prices is widespread throughout the developing world. Prices decrease at harvest season owing to the availability of large quantities of crop, while the prices increase in the lean season
This study seeks to rigorously evaluate the relation between access to credit and access to markets for small farmers, and whether inventory credit access improves profits, investments and market efficiency.
RESEARCHERS: Lorenzo Casaburi and Rachel Glennerster
Enterprises for Ultra-Poor Women After War: The WINGS Program in Northern Uganda
Twenty years of war and widespread displacement have left virtually the entire population of northern Uganda impoverished and young women and girls in particular have suffered economically and educationally from the war. How can Uganda’s most vulnerable households best develop and maintain livelihoods and income in their post-conflict society? Can micro-enterprise development programs help?
Northern Uganda Social Action Fund: Youth Opportunities Program
High youth unemployment is a major risk factor in post-conflict societies. Yet, the road to economic stability and job growth is difficult in societies recovering from conflict. Can cash transfers and vocational trainng prove an effective means of improving livelihoods while reducing violence in post-conflict countries? RESULTS HERE.
RESEARCHERS: Chris Blattman, Nathan Fiala, Sebastian Martinez
The Effect of Village-Based Schools: Evidence from a RCT in Afghanistan
Proximity to community-based schools is a critical component in both improving primary school enrollment and test-scores, as well as reducing the enrollment gender gap in primary education. Academic Paper and RESULTS HERE.
RESEARCHERS: Dana Burde, Leigh Linden
Pay-for-Performance Mechanism in the Health Sector in the DRC
RESEARCHERS: Elise Huillery, Juliette Seban